Thursday, 2 July 2015

Recent devastated earthquake and Tamang historical oppression

“Poverty is the parent of revolution and crime.”
― Aristotle

"In a country well governed, poverty is something to be ashamed of. In a country badly governed, wealth is something to be ashamed of."
- Confucius

I always feel good reading the factual evidence based history of Nepal how some indigenous tribal ethnic groups like Tamang that I belong to had been oppressed, suppressed and genocide by our past inhumane corrupt manuism ideological governed (the law of manu, also known as Manusmriti) mindset rulers due to FEAR with Tamang community who lives surrounding Kathmandu valley and are brave and honest.

I am very much thankful to Deepak Thapa Chhetri ji for writing bitter reality of Tamang community for the tradition that past feudalistic demonic Rana Rulers gifted. I strongly realised that the oppressed peoples can liberate themselves only through struggle. This is a simple and clear truth confirmed by history and "Truth is on the side of the oppressed." as affirmed by Malcolm X.

Whatever below here Deepak Thapa Chhetri writes in Kathmandu Post dated 1st July 2015 published in the KantipurOnlie is the tradition gifted by feudalistic Ranas and Shahs regimes who ruled Nepal for last 240 years invaded Nepal running away from India in saving their lives due to fear from Muslim invaders to India and imposed the law of manu introduced from an ancient India. This is the bitter historical fact, truth and reality of Nepal.

He starts saying,

It is a story worth telling, the one about how cars were carried over the mountain trails on human backs till the 1950s so that Nepal’s ruling class in Kathmandu could zip around the Valley’s few roads. It is something that adds to Nepal’s exotic mystique, which most of us are guilty of encouraging. For the most part, the grainy, black-and-white photographs of these laborious undertakings showing scores of men struggling with metallic beasts of vehicles tell us nothing more than just that. Until recently, that is, when a newsmagazine carried a story of five surviving members of those labour gangs that carried cars from Bhimphedi all the way to Thankot, whence, in the words of one of them, “The babusahebs [gentlemen lords!] of Kathmandu would race them to their homes.”

The names of this octogenarian quintet from the areas around Bhimphedi are worth recording: Dhan Bahadur Gole, Hira Bahadur Ghalan, Iman Singh Rumba, Jukta Bahadur Waiba and Pote Gole. What ties them together is not only that they are a part of history lost forever, but they are also all Tamangs. That should not be surprising considering that the hills and vales surrounding Kathmandu is a strong Tamang country and they would thus be the natural choice to be the bearers of these vehicles for the rulers.

Blaming the oppressed

A couple of weeks ago, a polite conversation gently veered towards the reality that as a group Tamangs suffered more from April quake than anyone else. But the discussion suddenly turned very uncomfortable when a high-ranking government official made three statements that reflected what seemed like wilful ignorance but, more disturbingly, a willingness to take patently prejudicial ‘facts’ at face value.

Assertion 1: Eighty percent of the crimes committed in the Valley are by Tamangs.

Assertion 2: Tamang families celebrate when they give birth to a baby girl since she will grow up, join the sex trade, and support the family.

Assertion 3: Crime and sex work among Tamangs is culturally ingrained.

As a senior bureaucrat, he would probably be privy to crime statistics—if these existed, for I seriously doubt that our cops actually have broken down the crimes committed by caste/ethnicity. In all probability, he was passing on information gleaned from off-the-cuff remarks made by officials in their tête-à-têtes. But what was disconcerting was he had clearly not given a single thought to why, if true, that could be so.

Our official (and no points for guessing which social group he belongs to) surely had no idea that in their youth Messrs Gole etc from Bhimphedi had no option but to work at porterage. Tamangs were prohibited from accessing the main form of social mobility available to the major Janajati groups—service in the British Indian army. All because they were required by the Kathmandu elite for services that scholar-activist-politician Parshuram Tamang enumerated in 1992 as follows: “During the Rana years, Tamangs were used as menial labour by the rulers and the courtier class—as construction labour for the durbars, for cutting trails, portering, carrying palanquins, running mail, delivering forest-based products, weaving baskets and trays, keeping palaces clean, maintaining the indoors, doing gardening, providing agricultural labour, keeping herds, making lokta paper, holding umbrellas, maintaining hookahs, carrying goods, and serving as surrogate mothers for high-born offspring.”

Anthropologists David Holmberg and Kathryn March found that northern Tamangs had to provide 25 days of compulsory service every year to the rulers/state during the Rana era. This is not corvée labour common to many feudal societies when one provides services free of charge on state projects. The 25 days was something every household had to contribute on an annual basis and often that 25 extended to 30 days as well. Forget getting paid for their labour, they even had to make provisions for their own food.

The one area of government employment open to Tamangs was as pipa, the generic term for menial workers in the Nepali army, which has historically been the preserve of Tamangs. No chance of rising through the ranks. Exiting the country was one way of escaping this burdensome existence and many certainly did that, mainly to Darjeeling, where the Tamang population had reached 50,000 by the end of Rana rule, becoming the second biggest Nepal-origin group there.

If you keep a people down for centuries, it does have an impact on later generations. No wonder that Tribhuvan University’s Nepal Social Inclusion Survey 2012 found that among the 6-25 age group of Tamang males, 47 percent had been educated at just the class 1-5 level, and only 12 percent had studied beyond class 11. The latter figure is half the attainment at that level for the two other large Janajati groups, Magars and Tharus, themselves quite backward. Block all avenues for progress, treat them like dirt, and then despise them for failing to advance upwards. We have heard it all before whether in the case of blacks in America or the Roma in Eastern Europe.

Kidnapping the girls

As for the sex trade, anyone with any interest in the subject will have heard these stories, particularly as they relate to certain villages in Kathmandu’s periphery. But can anyone believe that entire communities are primed to sell their daughters into this heinous profession unless there are extraneous reasons? As Parshuram Tamang had noted: “The system of keti basne imported women from the Tamang hills for all kinds of chores in Rana palaces. The maintenance of scores of female retainers, some of whom served as concubines, is said to have started the trend towards prostitution among poverty-stricken Tamang communities.” Did anyone miss the irony that the cause of their poverty were the Ranas to begin with?

How Tamang women were viewed by the state becomes clear from this quote from an interviewee of Holmberg and March’s: “On the night of the big festival there, the royal herders would just grab the girls and take them off. You were unable to say anything about this even if it was one’s own wife.” If cowherds could get by with such impunity, one can imagine what went on in the stucco palaces of Kathmandu.

Right the wrongs

I probably should stop here given the sheer ignorance of our government official, who, as a Kathmandu native, would have seen Tamangs and their situation throughout his life. But that a person in such a position of power and responsibility can be completely blind to the structural inequities that have played such a major role in the continued backwardness of Tamangs says a lot about our state and its functionaries.

As we enter the phase of recovery from a disaster that has devastated the lives of thousands of Tamangs, we have been provided with a golden opportunity to finally right all these years of discrimination. If managed properly, there will no longer be any need for words such as poet Pratap Bal Tamang’s in ‘Aasyaang—think for yourself!’ (in Manjushree Thapa’s translation of this address to an imaginary maternal uncle): “You too are a citizen—like the others of this country/…The country is yours as well/The universe is yours as well/Your rights exist here too.” One can only hope that whoever heads the reconstruction authority has at least an understanding of this most fundamental of truths.

Reference
The Country is Yours by Deepak Thapa http://www.ekantipur.com/the-kathmandu-post/2015/07/01/oped/the-country-is-yours/277933.html

Thursday, 11 June 2015

Historical evidence of Genocide of Tamang community in Nepal

Wonder how long government of Nepal and ruling class family members are going to GENOCIDE Tamang community in Nepal.

Tamang community has been intentionally marginalised, harassed, abused, discriminated and exploited physically, psychologically, socio-economically and sexually as per the General Code of Conduct written in 1854 during the time of Janga Bahadur Rana which still very much prevalent in this 21st century using derogatory term "Bhote" which means Tibetan.

In fact, Nepal is historically the melting point of people originated (came) from India (Aryan) and Tibet (Mongolian/Indigenous /tribes). As per the historical fact from India Aryan migrated to Nepal very lately around 9th and 10th centuries who ran away from India to save lives from muslim who invaded India. However, there is proven evidence that since the time of Manjushreee and Buddha in Nepal by then Kathmandu Mongolian people (Kirat which means lion like people) used to live.

Last year in August from Gorkha district Tamang man was killed by the state shooting just because he killed his own cattle to feed his family members. Tamang community being a bonism tradition follower they eat yak and cow meat because they see those animals as cow not GOD or LORD as rulers think as per their dogmatic belief.
In the name of earthquake survivors from Sindhupalchowk, Nuwakot, Dhading, Rasuwa, etc where mostly Tamang people reside now again we have been hearing and reading many news relating to Tamang community members to Genocide them.

The legal definition of Genocide:
The international legal definition of the crime of genocide is found in Articles II and III of the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide.

Article II describes two elements of the crime of genocide:
1) the mental element, meaning the "intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such", and

2) the physical element which includes five acts described in sections a, b, c, d and e. A crime must include both elements to be called "genocide."

Article III described five punishable forms of the crime of genocide: genocide; conspiracy, incitement, attempt and complicity.

Excerpt from the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide

"Article II: In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

Article III: The following acts shall be punishable:
(a) Genocide;
(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
(d) Attempt to commit genocide;
(e) Complicity in genocide. "

Thursday, 12 February 2015

हरि पौडेल जी को प्रश्न लक्ष्मी तामाङ्ग जी को उतर: जातीय वर्गीकरण र धर्म

आज विहानै मेरो फेसबुक ईनबक्समा हरि पौडेल ज्युले निम्न अनुसारको प्रश्न गर्नु भएको रहेछन र मैले उनको प्रतिउतर फेसबुकमा खुल्ला रुपमा उत्तर दिंदा उपयुक्त ठानेर सोहि अनुसार दिए किन कि सबैको मनमा जिज्ञासा त्यस्तो हुन् सक्छ मेरो आफ्नो लेख प्रति जुन म सत्य, तथ्य र यथार्थको आधारमा लेख्ने गर्छु मानवताको लागि अनि प्राय भ्रमबादमा जिउदै आएकाहरुलाई अपच्य हुन् पनि सक्छ अज्ञानताले गर्दा |

हरि जिको प्रश्न:
Laxmi Tamang ji...
K all Janajati lae jasari eutae suchi ma rakera aakada thulo dekhi..testae garera all hindu ko aakada rakda k hola? k all Janajati ko rahansahan...problem..eutae xa....Janajati madhme ma pani Tamang ko culture....rai ko culture....Magar ko culture etc ma kati difference hola?

Yadi tesari Bahun Chhetri lae ek thuma rakne vaye..terai ka Bahun n Chhetri pani tehi aakadama sametinu parenara...terai ma pani ta Bahun Chhetri considerable amount mai xaan ni hoenara?

Ajhae religion wise jane ho vane ta dali...madhesi ta derae jaso sayaad hindu holan....Magar ...Newar pani ta Hindu nae hun? kasto unclear type ko presentation...Janajati ma pani culture religion etc different vayeka ko kati xaan 6utaunu paroni pahila...hoenara?

shaybha ra sista bhasa ma mero jigyasa metaedinu vayo vane ma tapae parti aabhari hune thiye....?

मेरा प्यारा मित्र हरि जी तपाईको प्रश्नको लागि धेरै धेरै धन्यबाद सत्य, तथ्य र यथार्थ बुझ्न चाहनु भएकोमा |

सर्व प्रथम तपाईले बुझ्नु पर्ने मैले जे जति प्रमाण, जानकारी र तथ्यांक, आदि सेर गर्छु त्यो मैले मनगंते रुपमा निर्माण गरेको, तयार पारेको वा उत्पादन गरेको होइन | त्यो त हाम्रै देशका विद्वान बुद्धिजीवी अधिकारिक व्यक्तित्वहरुले नेपाल सरकारको लागि तयार परि दिनु भएको हो मैले मात्र अध्धयन गरेर जानकारीको लागि सेर गरेको हु | त्यसैले तपाईको आवाज त्यस्तो आधिकारिक व्यक्तित्वहरुसंग पुगोस भनेर मैले तपाईको जिज्ञासा र सुझाव यहाँ पुब्लिक स्पेसमा सेर गरेको छु | आसा छ तपाईको आफ्नो धारणा बारेमा उनीहरुले मनन गर्ने छन् मानवताको लागि |

अर्को कुरा तपाई ले बुझ्नु पर्ने यो तामाङ्ग र मगर लगायत सम्पूर्ण हामी जनजाती भन्नेहरु एक पृथक जाति हो विश्व भरिनै त्यसैले त उनीहरुको आ-आफ्नै मौलिकता छ आम धार्मिक सम्प्रदायहरुको भन्दा जस्तै हिन्दु, मुस्लिम, ईसाई, आदि जसको संस्कार, संस्कृति, परम्परा, कर्मकाण्ड सबै आ-आफ्नो धर्मले निर्देशित र नियन्त्रित भएको हुन्छ | जनजाती भन्नेको कुनै त्यस्तो संगठित धर्म छैन मात्र उनीहरुलाई पछि उनीहरुको भूमिमा बाहिरबाट आएका शासक शोषक जो बने उनीहरुले लादेर हिन्दु, मुस्लिम, ईसाई, आदि बनाई दिएको हो | नत्र उनीहरुको आफ्नो मौलिक धर्म, संस्कार, संस्कृति, र परम्परा भनेको प्रकृति र पितृ पुजक हुन् र सोहि अनुसार उनीहरुको रहन सहन गर्दै आएका जाति हुन् यो जनजाती भन्नेहरु विश्व भरि नै यस्तै छ उनीहरुको आफ्नो संस्कार, संस्कृति, परमपरा र धर्म |

यदि तपाईले प्रो. डोर बहादुर विष्टको "भाग्यबाद र विकास आधुनिक नेपाल निर्माणको लागि संघर्ष" भन्ने पुस्तक जुन प्रकासित गरेका थिए सन् १९९० मा सो अध्धयन गर्नु भयो भने बुझ्नु हुन्छ कि यो छेत्री भन्ने जात पहिले थिएन मात्र खस भन्ने थियो सुदुर र मध्यम पश्चिम नेपालमा जसको आफ्नै पृथक मौलिकता थियो १४ औ शताब्दी ताका र उनीहरुलाई जनजाती नै भन्थे उनीहरु मोस्टो र बुद्ध धर्म मान्ने गर्थे | तर पछि पी.एन. शाहले एकीकरण गरेपछि उनीहरुलाई हिन्दुवाद बनाएको मनुबादको सिद्धान्त अनुसार भनेर प्रष्ट उल्लेख गर्नु भएको छ सप्रमाण | सोहि भएको हो नेवार र मगर जातिमा पनि भन्ने कुरा समेत उल्लेख गर्नु भएको छ उहाँको पुस्तकमा |

नेपालको पहिलो कानून "मानव न्याय शास्त्र" जुन तयार गरेका थिए १४ औ शब्ताब्दिमा हिन्दुस्तानको ५ जना ब्राह्मणहरुको सहयोगमा राजा जय स्थिति मल्लको पालामा तथा दोस्रो कानून "मुलुकी ऐन" जुन तयार परेका थिए सन् १८५४ मा मनुबाद नीति अनुसार त्यसले नै हो नेपालको आम जन समुदायहरुलाई सानो ठुलो, छुत अछुत, मतवाली, मासिने, आदिको आधारमा ५ जातजातिमा विभाजन गरेको थियो | सो मनुबादको पुस्तकमा बाहुन र क्षत्रीय सम्बन्ध कस्तो हुन्छ भनेर यसरी उल्लेख गरेका छन्,

"दश वर्षको ब्राह्मण र सय वर्षको क्षत्रीय यी दुईलाई पिता-पुत्र सम्झिनु पर्छ, दुई जनामा ब्राह्मण चाही पिता समान हो |"
- मनुस्मृति २/१३५

त्यसैले तपाईको जुन जिज्ञासा र सुझाव छ त्यो मेरो आफ्नो आधिकारिक क्षेत्र भन्दा बाहिरको हो |

यदि मगर र नेवारहरु आफुलाई जनजाती भन्ने गर्छन भने उनीहरु धार्मिक हिसाबले गैर हिन्दु हुन भनेर उल्लेख गरेका छन् जनजाती महासंघको आफ्नो आधिकारिक वेबपेजमा समेत एक पटक पद्नु होस | 

तर उनीहरु मात्र नभएर हामी सबै हिन्दु हुन सक्छौ हिन्दु शब्दको उत्पतिको हिसाबले जुन दिएको थियो ९ औ शताब्दीमा मुस्लिमहरुले जो हिन्दुकुस क्षेत्र पारि बस्ने मानिसहरु सबै नै हिन्दु हुन् भनेर | त्यस कारण पनि हिन्दुस्तानमा रहने सम्पूर्ण मानिसहरु आफुलाई हिन्दु भन्ने गर्छन भनेर हिन्दुस्तानको हिन्दुवादीहरुको संस्था राष्ट्र स्वयं सेवकको अध्यक्ष मोहन भगत जी ले भन्नु भएको छ नि हौ |

आशा छ मैले यहाँको सम्पूर्ण जिज्ञासाको उतर दिए होला भनेर |

धन्यवाद |

लक्ष्मी तामांग

Sunday, 8 February 2015

Discussion about Vedism and Buddhism

I love knowing the truth, fact and reality rather than assertion and claim based on scripture knowledge and information that have been swallowed by mass and majority of human beings across the globe from early childhood socialisation process that has made them indoctrinated, cultured humanoid and dogmatic who cannot think and give logic behind scripture thoughts, ideas and knowledge read, heard and swallowed by them. 

I had a wonderful discussion with one Magar man from Singapore who happened to be very much knowledgeable about Veda who is a citizen of India. 

He thinks that Vedism was great than Buddha teaching so I have to give him justification based on fact, truth and reality evidence and logic since he was a logic lover. In our discussion he said:

"Vedic wisdom is totally different than current Hinduism Vedanta brahmanism whatever! And does not believe in idol worship. Yes Veda believes that source of manifested nature is shunya that is Mool Prakriti or primordial nature Which is beyond the observation of physical senses! But a universal conscious force which has infinite power and knowledge brought it from shunya invisible state to drashya visible state with effort and know how! That universal consciousness is invisible and permeates everything that is visible and also is still invisible. Veda called it Aum and many other names. Budha called it shunya also because of invisible nature. Another reason for shunyawad was because of the blind illogical rituals that corrupt bahuns were preaching in the name of creator God."

I told him that:
I am pretty sure you are not up to the level of in knowledge and understanding about Vedism and Hinduism like a Indian great and renowned personality Swami Vivekananda who said "At the time Buddha was born, India was in need of a great spiritual leader, a prophet. All my life I have been very fond of Buddha. I have more veneration for that character than any other— that boldness, that fearlessness, and that tremendous love! He was born for the good of men. Others may seek God, others may seek truth for themselves; he did not even care to know truth for himself. He sought truth because people were in misery. How to help them, that was his only concern. Throughout his life he never had a thought for himself. Buddha died at a ripe old age. I remember a friend of mine, a great American scientist, who was fond of reading his life. He did not like the death of Buddha, because he was not crucified. What a false idea! For a man to be great he must be murdered! Such ideas never prevailed in India. This great Buddha travelled all over India, denouncing her gods and even the God of the universe, and yet he lived to a good old age. For eighty years he lived, and had converted half the country. Buddha is expressly agnostic about God; but God is everywhere preached in our religion. The Vedas teach God -- both personal and impersonal. God is everywhere preached in the Gita. Hinduism is nothing without God. The Vedas are nothing without Him. That is the only way to salvation. Sannyasins have to repeat the following, several times: I, wishing for Mukti, take refuge in God, who created the world, who breathed out the Vedas. Buddha is said to have denied the Vedas because there is so much Himsa (killing) and other things. Every page of Buddhism is a fight with the Vedas (the ritualistic aspect). But he had no authority to do so."

I further wrote:
Vedism believes in creator like Abrahamic religions do whereas Buddha teaching doesn't believe in such imaginative idol and figure rather Buddha believed in the law of nature, natural phenomenon as scientific world thinks and believes how this universe has formed. Please learn the difference between Buddha teachings and others who believe in creationist "GOD". 

Whatever you said you are right in your own level of present understanding about Veda and Buddha and I am also right in my own present level of understanding and consciousness about the issues. BUT please get in-depth insight regarding the difference between Veda and Buddha teaching. I am not against nor for about Veda or Buddha teaching. I am just sharing what I have understood. It seems that you are mostly one sided with vedic wisdom only.

You have to give valid reason with fact, truth and reality WHY Mahabir who formed Janism and Siddhartha Gautam didn't satisfy with Veda knowledge also WHY so many Brahmin who taught veda didn't satisfy with knowledge that they preached which you can understand once you watch above Zee TV episode made by Singaporean Indian origin men.

Then he said:
Can you rephrase what you said in your previous post as there is too many typos. Budha Mahabir etc never studied Sanskrit and Veda. Because the Brahmins never allowed any one to study! That is why I say bahuns hijacked Vedic wisdom. These great Atmans learned through the scientific methods by their own observation.

I replied to him saying,
it sounds that you have forgotten that almost all Kshatriya used to be a King and Brahmins were teachers of those kings and their family members, Kshatriya. Therefore, as far as I knew from historical fact that Kaundinya was born before the time of Siddhartha to a wealthy brahmin family in a town named in Donavatthu, near Kapilavastu, and was known by his family name. When he was growing up, he mastered the three Vedas at a young age and excelled in the science of physiognomy and he taught all 4 vedas to Siddhartha Gautam Buddha and his other family members at the palace who didn't satisfy him with veda knowledge and later became asceitic and very lately became Buddha student himself.


Sunday, 25 January 2015

A Condom lady against Obstetric Violence in Nepal

Generally, people say an iron lady to bold and brave women who can voice and stand against any time of injustice or violence and exercise their full rights at its optimum level as best as I they can. However, I reject that title gifted by others and acknowledged with great realisation that I am a condom lady. 

I said that I am a condom lady because like condom fights against all kind of sexually transmitted infections including deadly virus, HIV and also prevents unwanted pregnancies and provide satisfaction to sexual partners I fight against social viruses such as violence, injustice, indoctrination, dogmatism, hatred, evil, devil, misogynist, sexism, genderism, manuism, corruption, feudalism, barbarism, inhumanity including all falsify, fantasy, funny, fable and fungi kinds of mindsets and thoughts that are making this world hell which I consider is heavenly place gifted by mother nature to live on for all human including plants, animals and else.

Being a health professional who had taken oath of the modern father of medicine, Hippocrates I follow his advice who said:

“Wherever the art of Medicine is loved, there is also a love of Humanity. The natural healing force within each of us is the greatest force in getting well. Make a habit of two things: to help; or at least to do no harm."

I am against obstetric violence because obstetric violence is done by health professionals for which women are helpless to protect self whereas in other kind of violence women can protect themselves if they are educated and empowered socio-economically whereas obstetric violence is bit challenging because it is committed by so-called expert in medical and nursing professionals due to Ignorance and thrust of POWER because of over capitalism mindset who runs after man-made MONEY rather than nature made, Humanity.

In Nepal, although we have low access of caesarean section service in general that's why we've low caesarean section rate of around 5% at the national level as per the recent Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011, however, we have very high caesarean section rate in urban areas ranging from 35 to 80% in semi-government hospitals like Patan Hospital, Teaching Hospital Maharajgung of around 35-45% whereas in private hospitals like B & B Hospital, Valley Maternity Hospital, OM Hospital, Norvic, and else caesarean section rate is as high as upto 70-80%. These rates are extremely hight then what the World Health Organization’s recommended 15 per cent. Risks of caesarean include increased need for blood transfusion, admission to intensive care, hysterectomy, or in extreme cases – death.

Dr Hannah Dahlen, Associate Professor of Midwifery at the University of Western Sydney, says of safety in childbirth, “While the birth of a live baby is of course a priority, [the rate of] perinatal mortality [should not be ignored]. Cultural, emotional, social, psychological and spiritual safety rarely appear in the mainstream debates ... Not only [do these factors] dominate women’s thinking, research indicates ignoring its importance is potentially deadly.”

Similarly, in government hospitals birthing mothers are treated like an animals by nurses using verbal abusive words psychologically torturing them and also intervening routine cutting of women's perineum during childbirth. Such attitude and behaviour of medical and nursing professionals are unacceptable in a civilised world where women's body is use as an object instead of considering her as a human being having rights to access quality, cost effect, natural humanised care while giving a life to this world to sustain. That's the reason WHY I am against evil doing actions of educated so-called experts and intellectual.

In an editorial published online on October 6, 2010 in the International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Dr. Rogelio Pérez D’Gregorio, President of the Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Venezuela described the specific mentions of the term “obstetric violence” as it appears in the Organic Law on the Right of Women to Be Free from Violence, enacted in Venezuela on March 16, 2007.

The law defines obstetric violence as “…the appropriation of the body and reproductive processes of women by health personnel, which is expressed as dehumanized treatment, an abuse of medication, and to convert the natural processes into pathological ones, bringing with it loss of autonomy and the ability to decide freely about their bodies and sexuality, negatively impacting the quality of life of women.”

Dr. Pérez D’Gregorio highlights two phrases for consideration, the first of which is “health personnel.” In Venezuela, this includes obstetricians, residents, medical students, nurses and technicians. Midwives are not included because, as Pérez D’Gregorio notes, “midwifery does not exist in obstetric practice in Venezuela, where all deliveries are attended by physicians in an institution.”

In addition, the phrase “the appropriation of the body and reproductive processes of women by health personnel” is, according to Pérez D’Gregorio, “contrary to good obstetric practice, whereby medication should only be used when it is indicated, the natural processes should be respected, and instrumental or surgical procedures should be performed only when the indication follows evidence-based medicine.”

The following acts executed by care providers are considered obstetric violence:

(1) Untimely and ineffective attention of obstetric emergencies;

(2) Forcing the woman to give birth in a supine position, with legs raised, when the necessary means to perform a vertical delivery are available;

(3) Impeding the early attachment of the child with his/her mother without a medical cause thus preventing the early attachment and blocking the possibility of holding, nursing or breast-feeding immediately after birth;

(4) Altering the natural process of low-risk delivery by using acceleration techniques, without obtaining voluntary, expressed and informed consent of the woman;

(5) Performing delivery via cesarean section, when natural childbirth is possible, without obtaining voluntary, expressed, and informed consent from the woman.